TRIBE TRIATOMINI
GO TO:
DIPETALOGASTER
ERATYRUS
HERMANLENTIA
MEPRAIA
PANSTRONGYLUS
PARATRIATOMA
TRIATOMA
GENUS PANSTRONGYLUS

Berg, 1879

Synonyms:

   Conorhinus Laporte 1833 (part)

   Lamus Stal, 1859 (not Lamus Stal, 1854 [Pentatomidae])

   Mestor Kirkaldy, 1904

barra.jpg (4955 bytes)

Panstrongylus chinai (Del Ponte, 1929)

Holotype M: NHM, London

Type locality: Organos (25 miles N of Lobitos) Peru

Synonym:

     P. turpiali Valderrama et al., 1996 (cf. Lent, 1997).

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.

Biology: silvatic, probably in burrows; collected in peridomestic habitats and occasionally in houses (Tc)

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus diasi Pinto & Lent, 1946

Holotype F, allotype M: FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro.

Type locality: Itambacuri, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Bahia, Goias, Minas Gerais, São Paulo)

Biology: silvatic, probably in burrows in dry regions; collected in peridomestic habitats and occasionally flying into houses.

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus geniculatus (Latreille 1811)

Type: unknown

Type locality: French Guiana.

Synonyms:

   Reduvius geniculatus Latreille, 1811

   Conorhinus geniculatus Walker, 1873

   Triatoma geniculata Chagas, 1912

   Conorrhinus lutulentes Erichson, 1848 (type unknown)

   Conorhinus corticalis Walker, 1873 (type: NHM, London)

   Triatoma tenuis Neiva, 1914 (holotype M: FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro).

   Triatoma fluminensis Neiva & Pinto, 1922 (type: FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro).

   Panstrongylus parageniculatus Ortiz, 1971 (type unknown).

Distribution: Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero), Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Bahia, DF, Ceará, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, São Paulo), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Fr.Guiana, Guyana, Nicaragua, Suriname, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Biology: silvatic, wide variety of forest ecotopes including armadillo burrows, hollow trees, caves, opossum lodges, palm trees and bromeliads; also in peridomestic and domestic habitats in parts of southern Venezuela and northern Brazil (Tc).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus guentheri Berg, 1879

Type: Museo de La Plata, Argentina

Type locality: Buenos Aires, Argentina

Synonyms:

   Panstrongylus güntheri Berg, 1879

   Triatoma larroussei Pinto, 1925b (holotype M: FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro).

   Triatoma seai Del Ponte, 1929 (type: unknown)

   Panstrongylus seai Pinto, 1931

Distribution: Argentina (Bs.As., Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Córdoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman), Bolivia, Paraguay.

Biology: silvatic, mainly in stony habitats; has been collected under fallen trees, woodpiles, and in mammal and birdnests; occasionally peridomestic; adults sometimes fly into houses (Tc).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus herreri Wygodzinsky, 1948

Type: Instituto Miguel Lillo, Tucumán, Argentina.

Paratype M, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro.

Type locality: Peru

Distribution: Peru.

Biology: silvatic; mainly collected from peridomestic habitats at higher altitudes; (Tc).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus howardi (Neiva, 1911)

Type: Zoologisches Museum, Berlin

Type locality: unknown (originally ascribed to Africa).

Synonym:

    Triatoma howardi Neiva, 1911

Distribution: Ecuador.

Biology: rare species of unknown silvatic habitats; has been collected in houses and peridomestic habitats at lower altitudes in Ecuador (Tc).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus humeralis (Usinger, 1939)

Holotype M: American Museum of Natural History, New York

Allotype F: FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro.

Type locality: Barro Colorado Island, Panama.

Distribution: Panama.

Biology: silvatic, in forest; adults frequently enter houses (Tc).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus lenti Galvão & Palma, 1968

Holotype F: FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro.

Type locality: Goiania, Brazil.

Distribution: Brazil (Goias, Minas Gerais).

Biology: rare species; original specimen (female) was collected in Goiania, Goias, amongst clothes of travellers from the neighbouring state of Minas Gerais; a male (allotype) was since taken at light (Barata et al., 1997).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus lignarius (Walker, 1873)

Holotype M: Natural History Museum, London.

Type locality: Guyana.

Synonym:

    Triatoma lignarius Walker, 1873

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Pará), Guyana, Suriname,Venezuela.

Biology: silvatic, wide variety of forest ecotopes including hollow trees, rodent and birdnests, opossum lodges, palm tree crowns; occasionally peridomestic; adults sometimes enter houses (Tc).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus lutzi (Neiva & Pinto, 1923b)

Cotypes MF: FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro.

Type locality: Bahia, Brazil.

Synonym:

   Triatoma lutzi Neiva & Pinto, 1923b

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Ceará, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, RGN).

Biology: known from arid regions, but silvatic habitats are unknown (probably rodent or armadillo burrows); has been taken at light; adults sometimes fly into houses (Tc).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus megistus (Burmeister, 1835)

Type: Zoologisches Museum, Berlin (but given as: Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, by Lent & Wygodzinsky, 1979).

Type locality: Brazil.

Synonyms:

   Conorhinus gigas Burmeister, 1861 (type: unknown)

   Conorhinus porrigens Walker, 1873 (type: Natural History Museum, London).

   Triatoma wernickei Del Ponte, 1923 (type: Instituto Bacteriologico, Buenos Aires).

   Triatoma africana Neiva, 1911 (type: Zoologisches Museum, Berlin [but now reported lost]).

   Panstrongylus africanus Pinto, 1931

   Panstrongylus megistus leucofasciatus Lucena, 1959

Distribution: Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones), Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraiba, Paraná, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, RGN, RGS, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Sergipe), Paraguay, Uruguay.

Biology: wide variety of silvatic ecotopes including burrows, birdnests, bat caves, hollow trees and palm tree crowns; has been taken at light; frequently forms peridomestic and domestic colonies, especially in more humid areas of eastern Brazil; was the principal domestic vector of T. cruzi in Brazil but since the 1930s was progressively replaced in domestic habitats by T. infestans. (Tc).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus (Champion, 1899)

Holotype M: Natural History Museum, London.

Type locality: Bugaba, Panama.

Synonym:

    Triatoma coxo-rufa Campos, 1932 (type: unknown)

Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy), Bolivia, Brazil (Amazonas, Pará, Mato Grosso), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico (Campeche, Vera Cruz), Panama, Peru, Venezuela.

Biology: silvatic, many forest ecotopes including hollow trees and under bark; adults attracted to light and frequently enter rural houses (Tc).

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus sherlocki Jurberg et al., 2001

Holotype M: FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro.

Type locality: Santa Inacio, Bahia, Brazil.

Distribution: Brazil (BA)

Biology: unknown

[Note: this species was described from a single male, that appear as a dark form of P. luzti. Precise collection data not given]

barra.jpg (775 bytes)

Panstrongylus tupynambai Lent, 1942

Holotype F, allotype M: FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro.

Type locality: Municipio de Caçapava, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Distribution: Brazil (RGS), Uruguay.

Biology: silvatic, mainly in deep burrows under rocks; adults occasionally enter houses (Tc).